CPC Central Committee and State Council issued Outline Development Plan for the Guangdong – Hong Kong – Macao Greater Bay Area on February 18, 2019. It is proposed to optimize and enhance the function of Qianhai Shenzhen - Hong Kong Modern Service Cooperation Zone. Qianhai is striving to enhance the image of a new international city center in accordance with the idea of "World of Qianhai, Cooperation Zone and Future City" and the standard of " Pursuit of Excellence and Global Leadership ".
According to Comprehensive Plan of China (Guangdong) Pilot Free Trade Zone – Shenzhen Qianhai & Shekou Area and Areas Surrounding Dananshan & Xiaonanshan, the planning of Qianhai & Shekou FTZ in the future will be positioned as: strategic pivot of Belt & Road Initiative relying on Hong Kong and Macao, serving the inland, and facing the world, demonstration zone of GBA deep cooperation, and new urban center. The Comprehensive Plan requires Qianhai area to strengthen its function as the new urban center, add municipal-level public service programs along the coast, and jointly build the world-class bay parlor together with the surrounding coastal areas.
Fig. 1 Conceptual plan diagram of Qianhai new urban center
Qianhai is located in the west of Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province, east bank of Pearl River estuary, adjacent to Hong Kong.
Located at the central axis of Qianhai Guiwan, Qianhai Shenzhen – Hong Kong Plaza is next to Qianhai Stone Park (Guiwan Section) and Jin’an North Street on the west, Guangdong - Hong Kong - Macao Youth Entrepreneurial Park (short-term utilization) on the east, Jiaoyi North Street and Penquan North Street on the north, and Jiaoyi South Street and Penquan South Street on the south.
Fig. 2 Project Location Diagram
Qianhai Shenzhen – Hong Kong Plaza is the new benchmark for the planning and construction of Shenzhen as the pilot demonstrative area of socialism with Chinese characteristics, integrating the programs of creativity, industry, humanity and leisure of Shenzhen – Hong Kong, converging the cultural elements of Shenzhen – Hong Kong, building the urban showroom, and forming the urban new landmark that is most vigorous, frontier, humanistic and integrated.
(1) Four Main Areas
Most vigorous area – As the urban cultural landmark display and public vitality program, provide urban living room, integrated urban performance field, cultural plaza, outdoor activity space, educational space, etc；
Most frontier area – As the advantageous industry display and experiential window of Shenzhen City, reinforce the cultural output of Shenzhen brand, and consider creating Shenzhen’s industrial and technological display and experience, popular flagship culture experience, and e-gaming center;
Most humanistic area – Introduce art exhibition and urbanism exhibition, enhancing cultural and art display function; introduce curatorial program combined with cultural activities and regional cultural carrier;
Most integrated area – Strengthen the integration of Hong Kong creative elements into the space carrier, and utilize temporary “pop-up” building to construct “strange and familiar” Shenzhen – Hong Kong memory and creativity exchange function.
(2) One Core One Axis Spatial Layout
One core: Urban runway stage – Combined with Qianhai Stone Park, create the comprehensive urban show field integrating leisure, entertainment, event, cultural display and landmark creation.
One axis: Axis of integrating and interactive experience – Make the layout along the sky corridor and slow traffic system, optimize the transport conditions, and add public cultural facilities along the route to strengthen the interactive exchange among different segments.
(3) Main Function
The main function of Qianhai Shenzhen – Hong Kong Plaza is cultural facility and supporting facilities, and the architectural program and space shall incorporate Hong Kong elements and meanwhile reflect local characteristics of Shenzhen.
Fig. 3 Function Positioning Diagram of Qianhai Shenzhen – Hong Kong Plaza
4.Design Scope, Surrounding Coordinative Scope and Overall Indicators
(1) Design Scope
The design scope covers schematic design and coordinative scope, with land coverage of about 84,000㎡. The design scope is divided into two phases, in which: the near-term land coverage is about 67,000㎡, with design carried out based on the current condition; long-term land coverage is about 17,000㎡, to be designed based on the relevant plan indicators of Unit 4 of Qianhai Guiwan Area.
(2) Surrounding Coordinative Scope
The surrounding coordinative scope includes the surrounding projects related to Qianhai Shenzhen – Hong Kong Plaza, with the area of about 435,000㎡ (excluding land coverage of Shenzhen – Hong Kong Plaza design), including Qianhai Stone Park (Guiwan Section), Jingxing Sea Plaza and Sea Tower, Qianhai International Hub Center of Shenzhen Metro (partial), Qianhai Exchange Square, and Guangdong – Hong Kong – Macao Youth Entrepreneurial Park. The focus is to coordinate the connection of aboveground and underground urban public space.
Fig. 4 Design Scope and Surrounding Coordinative Scope
Fig. 5 Land Schematics by Phases
(3) Main Indicators
The floor area of Qianhai Shenzhen – Hong Kong Plaza included into stipulated FAR calculation is 51,000㎡ (plus / minus 20% is allowed), the building height is no greater than 24m, and the approved increased area is to be determined based on the specific design scheme.
5.Urban Design Requirements
This project shall extend the urban design concept of Qianhai urban living room, forming the weatherproof and three-dimensional horizontal building that integrates the programs of creativity, industry, humanity and leisure of Shenzhen – Hong Kong, and creating the urban new landmark that is most vigorous, frontier, humanistic and integrated.
(1) Unique creativity
The design shall fully leverage innovation and creativity. Within the scope of design, design vivid, interesting and unique horizontal new urban landmark that has exclusive form and diverse rich programs.
(2) Building layout
The building layout shall be well organized, with east west (about 1.2km long) buildings crossing the four areas, and the building layout and form at each area has its respective features, while having overall coordination.
(3) Public space
The bottom layer shall be open and transparent, being mainly elevated space. The aboveground buildings are connected via public space, providing the open, pleasing, accessible, shared and exchanging public space that integrates production, life and ecology, enhancing the interaction between the people and between people and ecological environment, and stimulating the urban vitality. The post-pandemic public venue design shall consider how to keep the city and building healthy and let the city have better life.
(4) Space connection
Establish the underground, ground and aboveground three-dimensional, open, convenient and accessible vertical transport system to connect the public space, forming the 3D urban space; connect with the buildings (existing and new) on south and north sides, and make overall coordination on space, function and program.
(5) Roof platform
Provide urban runway stage square for the public to assemble and exchange, public space of cultural and artistic activities, continuous pedestrian walkway system, and form pleasing and continuous roof garden combined with greenery.
(6) Building height
The main building height shall not exceed 24m at maximum, making overall integration for connecting with the buildings at Qianhai Stone Park (Guiwan Section).
Fig. 6 Urban Design Schematics of Qianhai Urban Living Room