1. Design Scope:
The scope of urban design of Shajing Avenue area (hereinafter called “Shajing Avenue area”) has an area of about 3 square kilometers, reaching Beihuan Road on the north, Xihuan Road on the west, Huanzhen Road and Shiyan Canal on the east, and Chuangxin Road (planned Liaofeng Road) on the south, in which about 1.4km2 is reconstruction area, historic scenic area of Shajing ancient village and market is about 23ha, and the rest is approved and planned projects under construction and retention area of the current situation.
Fig. 6– Urban design scope of Shajing Avenue area @Preliminary study drawings of key urban renewal unit
2. Extent of Work: Detailed Urban Design Scheme
With core objective of forming the internal and external organic integration of the area, complementing the internal and external function of the ancient village and market, and integrated space with coordinated spatial scenery, establish the overall space system of the area, such as planning structure, functional arrangement, traffic organization, open space, underground space, building height control, etc. Carry out fine design of building form and landscape for the important open space and public node in the reconstruction area and historic scenic area, propose the overall conservation and activation utilization strategy and classified building protection renovation conceptual scheme within the historic scenic area, and arrange the plot division, development control indicators of each plot and building layout as per development scale requirement of reconstruction area.
3. Key Design Focus
3.1 History Conservation and Activation
Shajing Avenue area carries over the mission of building a living dictionary of Shenzhen’s local culture, a chronicle of maritime trade, and branding of cultural tourism. Based on the existing historical research results, the urban design will take the coexistence of cultural heritage survival and modern program development of the historic scenic area as its core objective, extend the historical pattern of the historic scenic area of Shajing Ancient Village, and inherit and reinforce the historical cultural value and characteristics to incorporate into the modern urban development, with focus on the following contents:
--- Based on the unified market operation mode, encourage to embed such programs as cultural leisure tourism, cultural entrepreneurship, and supporting public facilities, and explore the new mode and new approach for activation of historic scenic area.
--- Pay attention to the humanistic value of historical public space and traditional production & living space. Put emphasis on forming the important public vitality space around the cultural relics, historic buildings and historic environment elements within the conservation area.
--- Pay attention to the disaster prevention resilience and landscape leisure value of the watery lanes & streets and historic field ponds. Follow the layout of historical natural elements, highlight the water environment and historic value of Longjin River and Yabian River, and optimize the water form and surrounding green land form.
3.2 Organic Integration of New and Old Urban Area
Pay attention to the harmony between the new building style and traditional building style in the historic scenic area, focus on the interaction and extension of programs inside and outside the ancient village and market, and ensure the continuity and integrity of the spatial systems inside and outside the ancient village and market, such as public space, green landscape, slow traffic, etc.
--- Focus on studying the control requirement for new buildings in the construction control area. The new buildings adjacent to the historic scenic area of Shajing ancient village and market shall coordinate and echo with the functional and spatial form of the historic scenic area.
--- Under the high-intensity development, study on how to form the organic integration of new and old urban style through the spatial arrangement and design of building layout, building height and building form.
3.3 Effective Traffic Solutions
Fully understand the dual pressure of historic scenic area: cultural tourism traffic distribution and traffic demand in high-intensity new urban area, and provide effective traffic solutions.
--- Advocate priority on public transport and slow traffic.
--- Fully respect the street layout of the historic scenic area. On the basis of meeting the safety and emergency demand, allow to broaden the road inside the scenic area with caution.
--- Emphasize the respect and appropriate concession of road planning towards history conservation. Based on the requirement of setting up two-way six-lane road with some area road boundary width of 29-32.5m for Shajing Avenue, try to minimize the impact of new urban trunk road on the historic scenic area and form the road space with appropriate scale. Mainly optimize the line position of Shajing Avenue, and carry out design on road section, building setback, street scale, street landscape, etc.
3.Bird’s Eye View of Shajing Avenue Area
Fig. 7–Bird’s eye view of Shajing Avenue area @Preliminary study drawings of key urban renewal unit
Fig. 8–Panoramic bird’s eye view of historic scenic area of Shajing ancient village and market @Preliminary study drawings of key urban renewal unit